One of the preeminent twentieth-century photographers of the nude female, Ruth Bernhard died at her home in San Francisco on Dec. 18, 2006, at age 101. Many of her works, including especially “Two Forms” (1963), resonate with lesbian audiences.
*Award-winning actress Cynthia Nixon (b. 1966) recently acknowledged publicly that she is bisexual and in a loving relationship with a woman.
*Richard Socarides (b. 1954), the son of a homophobic psychoanalyst, became the first openly gay man to serve in a prominent White House staff position.
*With a constant influx of immigrants and a vigorous and adaptable economy, Vancouver is a progressive city with a large and active glbtq community.
In the Spotlight: Transsexuals of Brazil
Transgender people in Brazil are the country’s single most marginalized group. Fear, ignorance, and hypocrisy lead to discrimination and lack of education, which in turn render transgender people subject to violence, social exclusion, drug abuse, crime, prostitution, exploitation, and severe health risks, each of which results in further discrimination.
Photographs of Brazilian transvestites that illustrate this presentation were created in Sao Paulo by Barry Michael Wolfe.
*Sex work has long been the last resort of desperate women and girls, but more recently some women – including some lesbians – have been drawn to the profession by a renegade ideology of sexual liberation.
*Transgender has become an umbrella term representing a political alliance between all gender variant people who do not conform to social norms for typical men and women and who suffer political oppression as a result.
*Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Notable Birthdays, Jan. 1-14
Jan. 1: Poet Katherine Phillips, 1632; novelist E. M. Forster, 1879; FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, 1895; choreographer Maurice Bejart, 1927; philanthropist and former U.S. ambassador James C. Hormel, 1931; playwright Joe Orton, 1933; Spanish filmmaker Eloy de la Iglesia, 1944; Mexican artist Nahum B. Zenil, 1947
Jan. 2: Educator M. Carey Thomas, 1857; film director Dorothy Arzner, 1900; composer Sir Michael Tippett, 1905; filmmaker Todd Haynes, 1961
Jan. 4: Painter Marsden Hartley, 1877; singer and producer Michael Stipe, 1960
Jan. 5: Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo, 1931; African-American dancer and choreographer Alvin Ailey, 1931
Jan. 6: French soldier and martyr to the Inquisition Joan of Arc, 1412; French actress Marie Dorval, 1798
Jan. 7: Composer Francis Poulenc, 1899; poet Robert Duncan, 1919; publisher and editor Jann Wenner, 1946
Jan. 8: Comic actor and writer Graham Chapman, 1941; rocker David Bowie, 1947
Jan. 9: Feminist writer Simone de Beauvoir, 1908; singer and activist Joan Baez, 1941
Jan. 10: Spanish statesman Manuel Azana, 1880; pop singer Johnnie Ray, 1927; actor Sal Mineo, 1939; drag performer Craig Russell, 1948
Jan. 11: Italian Renaissance painter Parmigianino (Francesco Mazzola), 1503; American Revolutionary War hero and statesman Alexander Hamilton, 1757; actress and translator Eva Le Gallienne, 1899; actor, director, writer, and teacher Charles Nelson Reilly, 1931
Jan. 12: Artist John Singer Sargent, 1856; British writer Edith Cooper, 1862; physician to transsexuals Harry Benjamin, 1885; Italian poet Sandro Penna, 1906
Jan. 13: American writer Horatio Alger, Jr., 1832; Swiss activist Anna Vock, 1885; British theatrical designer Oliver Messel, 1904; Greek painter Yannis Tsarouchis, 1910; American bookseller and publisher Ralph Sylvester, 1934; American writer Edmund White, 1940; British choreographer Matthew Bourne, 1960
Jan. 14: French writer Pierre Loti (Julien Viaud), 1850; British photographer and designer Cecil Beaton, 1904; Japanese writer Yukio Mishima, 1925