As the world continues to learn more about coronavirus and its spread, it's vital to stay up-to-date on the latest developments. However, it's also important to make sure that the information being distributed is from credible sources. To that end, Between The Lines has compiled, [...]
To diddle an old saying: You can’t judge a gay author or his book by its — or by his — cover. Case in point: the groundbreaking 1951 sociological expose, “The Homosexual in America.” Gay nom de plume: Donald Webster Cory — a pen name name gleaned from Andre Gide’s 1924 gay novel “Corydon,” later published in America in 1950. Real name: Edward Sagarin. Outed dramatically 24 closeted years later.
Cory’s “Homosexual” followed three years after Alfred Kinsey’s shelf-shocker, “Sexual Response in the Human Male.” Both books provided in-your-face facts, focus and insights on a previously little-discussed, statistically undocumented subject: homosexuality.
Kinsey, a biologist and an authority on gall wasps, turned his scientific cataloging to humans. His research institute colleagues interviewed 5,940 men about their sex lives. The result: 804 pages of tables, charts and statistics.
Dull. But, for the American public, titillating best-seller reading.
Data showed 37 percent of the male population had at least some overt gay experience to ejaculation; 4 percent of white males were exclusively homosexual following adolescence.
It’s safe to say of the time frame 65 years ago that your average Joe believed he had never met a homosexual, and that fags, fairies, fruits were few. But even so, those that did exist were perverts, mentally unbalanced, to be incarcerated, punished if caught with their collective pants down and justifiably shunned by church, family, employers, military, government. They were a group to be dealt with by psychiatrists and/or police (sound just vaguely familiar?).
At the same time, those Americans living in large cities – Chicago, New York, San Francisco and Detroit – were likely to be aware of thriving gay subcultures gathered secretly in gay bars (Detroit’s bar community dates to Prohibition, with earlier house parties in the ’20s. Gay bars thrived during World War II).
When Sagarin, a married bisexual, sociologist, trained criminologist (and perfume authority), documented gay life as a social phenomenon and as a participant observer in his book, he provided a fair-minded understanding of gay persons, their subculture, slang, sexual acts, their basic proximity to the so-called heterosexual “norm.”
“As a minority homosexuals are caught in a particularly vicious circle,” wrote Sagarin as Cory. “On the one hand, the shame of belonging and the social punishment of acknowledge are so great that pretense is almost universal. On the other hand, only a leadership that would acknowledge (being homosexual) would be able to break down the barriers of shame and a resultant discrimination.
“Until we are willing to speak out openly and frankly in defense of our activities, and to identify ourselves with the millions pursuing these activities,” he continued. “We are unlikely to find the attitudes of the world undergoing any significant change.”
Nonetheless, for all his advocacy on the behalf of America’s gay population, Sagarin very cautiously, quietly and only in 1962, joined the homophile Mattachine Society. His participation was supportive but of a “don’t rock the boat” style.
As a sociologist, himself in psychotherapy, Sagarin believed that homosexuality was a pathology and that all homosexuals should seek psychotherapy. Few of his gay friends or colleagues, at least in the gay circles, knew that he was the famous Donald Webster Cory. His second gay book was “21 Variations on a Theme.”
His identity remained secret until a 1974 American Sociological Society convention held in Montreal. He appeared on a panel, “Theoretical Perspectives on Homosexuality,” speaking strongly against liberationist scholarship. A colleague, Laud Humphreys, took umbrage and perhaps some polymorphous perverse delight when he exposed Sagarin by repeatedly calling him “Mr. Cory.”
Sagarin broke down in tears; withdrawing thereafter from all issues concerning homosexual discussion. He died in 1986, age 73. Donald Webster Cory lives on.